Convegni e Seminari


Repubblica di San Marino


Università degli Studi

Dipartimento della Formazione



Conference on:





May, 22 – 23, 1998


Teatro   Titano

San Marino



The Secretary's Office will bo open for registration and information at the Teatro Titano on the following hours:


Thursday, May 21   4.00 p.m. - 6.00 p.m.

Friday, May 22   8.00-12.00 a.m. / 2.00-6.00 p.m.

Saturday, May 23   8.00-12.00 a.m. / 2.00-6.00 p.m.



Università degli Studi - Dipartimento della Formazione

via N. Bonaparte, 3 - 47890 SAN MARINO RSM

Tel. 0549/88.26.17 - 88.25.14 - 88.25.06

Fax 0549/88.25.54

From abroad  +378/88.26.17 - 88.25.14 - 88.25.06



May 21 Thursday


Terrazza Hotel Titano


  • 6.30p.m. Wine Reception


May 22 Friday


Sala Teatro Titano

  • 8.15a.m. Welcome

 On. Pier Marino Menicucci

Segretario di Stato per la Pubblica Istruzione, Cultura, Universita’



Segretario di Stato per la Sanita’ e Sicurezza Sociale


Prof. Attilio ALTO

Magnifico Rettore, Universita’ di San Marino



Direttore del Dipartimento della Formazione, Universita’ di San Marino


Prof. Cesare CORNOLDI

Scientific Organizer

  •  9.00a.m. Symposium: Workshop Introduction

- Representation and Blindness: Theory meets



  Winston-Salem State University (NC, USA)


- Dynamic touch and rotational dynamics.

  M. T. Turvey

  Center for the Ecological Study of Perception and Action,

   University of Connecticut (Storrs, CT; USA) and Haskins

   Laboratories, New Haven (CT, USA)


  • 10.30a.m.  Coffee Break

- Modality and Mind: Convergent active Processing in

  interrelated networks-CAPIN as a model of thinking

  and development.

  S. Millar

   Department of Experimental Psychology, University of

   Oxford (GB)


- Recognizing outline pictures via touch: Axis Theory.

   J.M. Kennedy

   University of Toronto at Scarborough (CDN)


- Mental Imagery in the blind.

   C. Cornoldi

   Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Padova (I)

  • 1.05p.m. Lunch

  • 3.00p.m. Paper Session 1:  Spatial Representation and Spatial Orientation

- How does early visual experience affect the

  representation of the haptic space?

  Y. Rossetti*, F. Gaunet, P. Fourneret, L. Pisella

  and C. Thinus-Blanc**

   *   Vision et Motricité, I.N.S.E.R.M. (Bron, F)

   ** Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives, CNRS (Marseille,F)

  • 3.20p.m.

- Spatial orientation among person without vision:

  Perceptual learning and imagery accounts for

  differences in performance.

  J. Rieser

  Vanderbilt University (USA)

  • 3.40p.m.

- The effect of acoustic training on spatial updating

  ability in the congenitally blind.

  R.D. Easton and B.L. Bentzen

  Boston College (Chetsnut Hill, MA, USA)

  • 4.00p.m.

- The Representation-Action Loop: A means for

  understanding the effects of early blindness on

  spatial processing.

  C. Thinus Blanc* and F. Gaunet**

  * Centre de recherche en Neurosciences Cognitives(Marseille,F)

   ** L.P.P.A., CNRS, Collège de France (Paris, F)

  • 4.20p.m.

- Visuo-spatial processing limitations in congenitally

  blind people.

  T. Vecchi

  Istituto di Psicologia, Università di Milano (I)

  • 4.40p.m.

- Movement execution and mental representation.

  D.Rapaic, J.Ivanus, G.Nedovic, B.Jablan and


   University of  Belgrade, Faculty of Defectology (YU)

  • 5.00p.m. Tea Break
  • 5.20p.m. Poster Session
  • 6.50p.m. A&B
  • 8.00p.m. Social Dinner

  May 23 Saturday

  • 9.00p.m. Paper Session 2: Haptics

- Haptic Perception of spatial relations.

   A.M.L. Kappers and J.J. Koenderink

   Helmholtz Instituut, Department of Physics of Man


  • 9.20p.m.

- Haptics perception of geometrical illusions:

  Combination of figures, active control and

  quantification of the effects.

  M. Casla, F. Blanco and D. Travieso

  Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (E)

  • 9.40p.m.

- Haptic perception of 3D real and virtual objects.

  G. Jansson

  Uppsala University (S)

  • 10.00p.m.

- Role of memorization in the haptic processing of

  orientation:A study on the oblique effect.

  E. Gentaz* and Y. Hatwell

  * Universitè de Geneve (CH)

  ** Laboratoire de Psychologie Expérimentale, Université Pierre


      (Grenoble, F)

  • 10.20p.m.

- Improvement of haptic spatial capacity by the

  reduction of motor  constraints.

  S. Machon, T.Ohlmann, A. Belloni, K. Masson and

  E. Pinson

  Université Pierre Mendès (Grenoble, F)


  • 10.40p.m.

- Implicit and explicit memory for objects presented

  to vision and touch

  S. Ballesteros and J.M. Reales

  Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (Madrid, E)

  • 11.00a.m. Coffee Break

  • 11.20a.m. Paper Session 3: Graphics/Maps

- How do blind people draw?: David Katz's research on

  the drawnings of blind and sighted children.

  A. Costall* and D. Vedeler**

  * University of Portsmouth (GB)

  ** University of Trondheim (Dragvoll,N)

  • 11.40a.m.

- Individual differences in memory acquisition from

  maps by blind and sighted peope.

  S. Ungar, M. Blades and C.Spencer

  Glasgow Caledonian University (GB)

  • 12.00a.m.

- Meeting the diagram needs of a real student.


   Loughborough University (GB)

  • 12.20a.m.

- Tactile imagery for lifelong learning.

   A.F. Tatham

   Commission on Maps and Graphics for Blind and Visually

   Impaired People,

   International Cartographic Association (London,GB)

  • 12.40a.m.

- Exploration of the lines displayed by a tactile mouse.

  T. Watanabe*,T.Tamechika** and T.Ifukube***

  * National Institute of Vocational Rehabilitation (J)

  ** Tokyo Denki University (J)

  *** Research Institute for Electronics Science,Hokkaido

        University (J)

  • 1.00p.m.

- An analysis of different museum's comunicative

  instruments for blind people.

  M.Asensio* and C.Simon**

  *   Universidad Autonomoma de Madrid (E)

   ** Universidad Pontificia de Comillas (E)

  • 1.20p.m. Lunch

  • 3.00p.m. Paper Session 4: Language and Braille-reading

- Lexical Relations in Blind Children.

  A. van Loon-Vervoorn and L.Elbers

  Universiteit Utrecht (NL)

  • 3.20p.m.

- Social-pragmatic contexts facilitating

  communication between blind infants and their



  Open University (Milton Keynes,GB)

  • 3.40p.m.

- Reading by touch: Accuracy, comprehension, and

  speed of processing.


  University of Birmingham (GB)

  • 4.00p.m.

- Levels of processing in on-line text Braille-reading.

  M. Carreiras

  Universidad de La Laguna (E)

  • 4.20p.m.

- Size does matter - new insights into how blind

  children learn Braille.


  Southampton University (GB)

  • 4.30p.m.

- What is the role of letter knowledge in learning to

  read? Evidence   from the blind child.

  F.Barlow-Brown and V.Connolly

  Southampton University (GB)

  • 4.40p.m.

  Final Remarks

  C.Cornoldi and H.Heller





A. Graphics/Space/Maps

1) Gesture as an Index of Blind and Sighted Children's Mental

    Representations in     Large - and Small- Scale Route Directions Tasks.

    J.Iverson, Indiana University (Bloomington, USA)


2) Temporal Patterns in the haptic exploration of tridimensional objects: A

    comparison between blind and blindfolded subjects. D.Travieso, M.Casla

    and F.Blanco, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (E)


3) Tactile pattern recognition by a graphic display: Evaluation of presentation

    modality. Y.Shimizu, Department of Information Science, Tsukuba College

    of Technology (J) and M.Shinohara, National Institute of Bioscience and

    Human- Technology (Tsukuba, J)


4) Tactile Map and an electronic Compass in practical application. A.Yngstrom



5) Diagrams as the language of science. D.Hinton, Loughborough University



6) CBT for the blind: From picture based to 3D model based textbooks.

    J.Loetzsch, GFaI Sachsen e.V. (Dresden, D)


7) Pictorial Representation in touch for the blind to manipulate an automatic

    teller machine. H.Wake, T.Wake, H.Takahashi, and N.Yamazaki, Kanagawa

    University (Yokohama, J)


8) Drawings by the blind. F.J.Lima and J.Da Silva, Universidade de São Paulo

    (Ribeirão Preto, BR) and M.A.Heller, Winston-Salem State University (USA)


9) Haptic exploration and mental estimation of distances in a fictitious island:

    From mind's eye to mind's hand.F.Blanco, D.Travieso and M.Casla, Univ.

    Autónoma de Madrid (E)


10) Haptic discrimination of 2D raised line shapes by blind and sighted

      humans. S.Russier, Université Lumière Lion II (F)


11) Drawings in blind children. G.Pinto, M.Baldeschi, and G.Baldan,

      Universita' di Firenze (I)

B. General/Haptics/Development


1) Study of the adaptation of the subtest "Analogical Matrix" derived from

    K- ABC to children with a visual handicap. D.Deret and F.Jamet, Université

    Paris VIII (F)


2) Anisotropy in haptic perception of curved shapes.

    S.C.Pont, A.M.L.Kappers and J.J.Koenderink, Helmholtz Instituut

    (Utrecht, NL)


3) Exploratory Patterns and Reactions to Spatial Change: Early Visual

    Experience Contribution. F.Gaunet, CNRS, College de France (Paris, F) and

    C.Thinus-Blanc, Centre de Recherche   en Neurosciences Cognitives

    (Marseille, F)


4) Scale Shift learning and representation in blind people. F.Martinez-

    Sarocchi, CNRS, Université Toulouse (F)


5) Informal contexts of blind people learning. M.Asensio, Universidad

    Autonomoma deMadrid (E) and C.Simon, Universidad Pontificia de

    Comillas (E)


6) The development of reaching in blind infants. D.Robin, Indiana University



7) Visual and haptic 3D structural representations: Mechanisms of exchange

     revealed by cross-modal priming. A.J.Greene, University of Virginia,

     Department of Neurosurgery (USA) and R.D.Easton, Boston College(USA)


8) Stereotyped behaviors in blind children with and without other

    neurodevelopmental handicaps. E.Fazzi, C.Termine, C.Gheza, T.Cavallaro,

    S.Signorini, and G.Lanzi, Dipartimento di Neuropsichiatria Infantile,

    Università di Pavia(I)


9)  The assessment of language comprehension in the blind. The adaptation

     of the Token test for the assessment of language comprehension in the

     blind. G.Azzano, Liceo Scientifico "A Righi" (Bologna, I); M.Perazzini,

     Centro Regionale per le  disabilità linguistico–cognitive in eta evolutiva

     (Bologna, I) and G.Stella, Istituto di Psicologia, Universita’ di Urbino (I)

     and Centro Regionale di disabilità linguistico-cognitive (Bologna, I)


10) Interactive auditory and visual images in the blind. C.Tinti, D.Galati,

      L.Vecchio, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita' di Torino (I) and R.De

      Beni, C.Cornoldi, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita' di Padova, (I)


11) Perceptual and cognitive strategies in bimanual Braille reading.

      S.Portalier, Université de Lyon V (Bron, F)


12) Tactual-kinesthetic exploration in the sighted and in the blind. L.Eid, ISEF,

      Milano (I) and M.Clement, UFRAPS, Lyon I (F)


13) Mental representation of visually impaired teenagers/experience in an

      historic site.  M.C.Wanet-Defalque, G.Michaux, A.Van Lierde, and

      P.Jeuniaux, Laboratoire de Genie de la Rehabilitation Neurale, Université

      Catholique de Louvain (Brussels, B)


14) The effect of orientation on Braille recognition in sighted and blind

      subjects. M.A.Heller, J.A.Calcaterra, and S.Green, Winston-Salem State



15) Tactual Communication Methods Used by Deaf-Blind Individuals.

      L.A.Delhorne, C.M.Reed, and N.I.Durlach, Massachusetts Institute of

      Technology (Cambridge, MA, USA)


16) Basic process of Braille reading and metalinguistic abilities. C.Simon,

      Universidad Pontificia de Comillas (E) and M.Asensio, Universidad

      Autonomoma de Madrid (E)


17) Reach on sound: A crucial function in early development of blind children.

      E.Fazzi C.Termine, C.Gheze, T.Cavallaro, S.Signorini, G.Lanzi,

      Dipartimento di Neuropsichiatria Infantile, Università di Pavia (I) and

      J.Lanners, Early Intervention Center for Visually Handicapped Children

      (Verbania, I)


18) Findings with the tactile Display System. B.Richardson and M.Symmons,

      Psychology Department, Monash University (Victoria, AUS) and

      J.M.Kennedy, University of Toronto at Scarborough (CDN)


19) The relationship between play and mental imagery. M.Dik and

      Y.Moleman, Visio (Amsterdam, NL)

RELATORI (Participants)


- M.A. Heller, Winston-Salem State University, NC, USA


- M.T. Turvey, Center for the Ecological Study of  Perception and Action,University of

   Connecticut, Storrs, CTand Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT, USA


- S. Millar, Dept. of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, GB


- J.M. Kennedy, University of Toronto at Scarborough, CDN


- F. Gaunet, Vision et Motricité, Bron, I.N.S.E.R.M, Bron, F L.P.P.A., C.N.R.S., Collège de

  France, Paris, F


- P. Fourneret, L. Pisella, Y. Rossetti, Vision et Motricité, Bron, I.N.S.E.R.M, Bron, F


- C. Thinus-Blanc, Center for Research in Cognitive Neuroscience, C.N.R.S., Marseille, F


- J. Rieser, Vanderbilt University, USA


- B.L. Bentzen, R.D. Easton, Boston College, MA, USA


- T. Vecchi, Istituto di Pscicologia, Scuola di Medicina, Università di Milano, I


- D.Ivanu, B.Jablan, G.Nedovi, Rapaic, Z.Savkovi, University of Belgrade, Faculty of

  Defectology, YU


- A.M.L. Kappers, J.J. Koenderink, Helmholtz Inst., Dept. of Physics of Man,Utrecht, NL


- F. Blanco, M. Casla, D. Travieso, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E


- G. Jansson, Uppsala University, S


- E. Gentaz, Université de Genève, CH


- Y. Hatwell, Laboratoire de Psychologie Expérimentale, Université  Pierre Mendès,

  Grenoble, F


- A. Belloni, S. Machon, K. Masson, T. Ohlmann, E. Pinson, Université Pierre Mendès,

  Grenoble, F


- S. Ballesteros, J.M. Reales,Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Madrid, E


- A. Costall, University of Portsmouth, GB


- D. Vedeler, University of Trondheim, Dragvoll, N


- M. Blades, C. Spencer, S. Ungar, Glasgow Caledonian University, GB


- R. Hinton, Loughborough University, GB


- A.F. Tatham, Commission on Maps and Graphics for Blind and Visually Impaired People,

  International Cartographic Association, London, GB


- T. Watanabe, National Institute of Vocational Rehabilitation, J


- T. Tamechika, Tokyo Denki University, J


- T. Ifukube, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, J


- M. Asensio, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E


- C. Simon, Universidad Pontificia de Comillas, E


- L. Elbers, A.van Loon-Vervoorn, Universiteit Utrecht, NL


- S. Norgate, Open University - Milton Keynes, GB


- M.J. Tobin, University of Birmingham, GB


- M. Carreiras, Universidad de La Laguna, E


- V. Connolly, Southampton University, GB


- J. Iverson, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA


- Y. Shimizu, Dept. of Information Science, Tsukuba College of Technology, J


- M. Shinohara, National Institute of Bioscience and Human Technology, Tsukuba, J


- A.Yngstrom, Sweden


- D. Hinton, Loughborough University, GB


- J. Loetzsch, GFaI Sachsen e.V., Dresden, D


- H. Takahashi, N. Yamazaki, H. Wake, T. Wake,Kanagawa University, Yokohama, J


- J. Da Silva, F.J. Lima, Universidad de Sao Paolo, Ribierto Preti, BR


- S. Russier, Univerrsité Lumière Lion II, F


- G. Baldan, M. Baldeschi, G. Pinto, Università di Firenze, I


- D. Deret, F. Jamet, Université Paris VIII, F


- F. Martinez-Sarocchi, C.N.R.S., Université Toulouse, F


- D. Robin, Indiana University, USA


- A.J. Greene, University of Virginia, Dept. of Neurosurgery, USA


- T. Cavallaro, E. Fazzi, C. Gheza, G. Lanzi, S. Signorini, C. Termine, Dipartimento di

  Neuropschiatria Infantile, Università di Pavia, I


- G. Azzano, Liceo Scientifico "A Righi", Bologna, I


- M. Perazzini, Centro Regionale per le disabilità linguistico–cognitive in età evolutiva,

  Bologna, I


- G. Stella, Centro Regionale di disabilità linguistico-cognitive, Università di Bologna e

   Facoltà di Pscicologia, Università di Urbino, I


- D. Galati, C. Tinti, L. Vecchio, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Torino, I


- R. De Beni, C. Cornoldi, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Padova, I


- S. Portalier, Université de Lyon V, Bron, F


- L. Eid, ISEF, Milano, I


- M. Clement, UFRAPS, Lyon I, F


- M.C. Wanet-Defalque, P. Jeuniaux, G. Michaux, A. Van Lierde, Laboratoire de Genie

  de la Rehabilitation Neurale, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, B


- J.A. Calcaterra, S. Green, Winston – Salem State University, USA


- L.A. Delhorne, N.I. Durlach, C.M. Reed, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,

  Cambridge, USA


- J. Lanners, Early Intervention Center for Visually Handicapped Children, Verbania, I


- B. Richardson, M. Symmons, Psychology Dept., Monash University, Churchill, Victoria,